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Monday, 02 October 2023
17 September Great Education Day: Education Policy and Reality

17 September Great Education Day: Education Policy and Reality

Dr. Muhammad Mahtab Hossain Mazed

Today Sunday is Great Education Day 2023. Today this day is going to be celebrated all over the country with due dignity. Education Day commemorates the bloody mass movement of students on 17 September. 1962 to protest against the imposition of anti-people, repressive education policies by the Pakistan government and to demand the introduction of a people-oriented education policy.

The 61st anniversary of this Education Day is a symbol of struggle, sacrifice, victory, glory and tradition for education.On this day 61 years ago, a massive student movement was formed to resist the 'Sharif Commission' education policy imposed by the then Pakistani military ruler Ayub Khan. The student union-led 'All-Party Student Action Committee' called for a nationwide strike programme. The Pakistani military junta used the police force to quell the student movement. In view of this, on September 17, the police fired at the students' procession at the High Court intersection. Mustafa, Babul, Waziullah etc. were martyred. Since then, various political, social and student organizations have been celebrating the day as 'Great Education Day' every year. Everyone knows that the more educated the nation is, the more developed the nation is. Building a developed country without education is just an illusion. So if you want to destroy a nation, you have to weaken its education system.

It has been seen earlier that the victorious powers in many major wars have destroyed the libraries of the defeated nation so that the future generations cannot know about the education, culture, history and traditions of that nationOn that day, students protested against the education policy of the Education Commission formed by the dictator Ayub Khan, and the police lathicharged, fired tear gas and shot at the students. Ayub Khan established this Education Commission only 2 months after taking power (December 30, 1958). This commission was formed under the leadership of SM Sharif known as 'Sharif Commission' and presented their report on August 26, 1959. The recommendations it contained on education were in favor of shrinking education.

The proposed report said that the misconception that education can be done cheaply should be abandoned. It also proposed to increase student salaries in secondary and higher education.Divided into 27 chapters, the Sharif Commission report presents detailed recommendations on general, professional education, teacher context, medium of instruction, textbooks, font problems, administration, funding, aims and objectives of education from primary to higher levels. The Ayub government accepted the recommendations of this report and started implementing them from 1962.

This commission proposed establishment of full government control instead of autonomy in universities, banning of politics in university colleges, strict monitoring of student-teacher activities. A 15-hour work schedule was put in place to make teachers work hard. The report also proposed reform of the alphabet. The students took a stand against this educational policy of Ayub. After the meeting, the procession came out. At one point, the police lathi-charged, fired tear gas and fired bullets at the procession.

Officials say one killed, 73 injured and 59 arrested. However, the protestors claimed that 3 people were killed. On that day, the police attacked the processions all over the country.

Education refers to the discipline that deals with teaching and learning methods in schools or school-like environments. Education is the process of receiving or imparting systematic instruction, especially in a school or university. Education is a process of teaching, training and learning, especially provided in schools, colleges or universities to improve knowledge and develop skills. Education is mainly of three types, namely, formal, informal and non-formal or sub-formal. Dr. MM Majed, a prominent researcher and founder of the National Patient Welfare Society of Bangladesh wrote a column on today's issue. The more advanced. Building a developed country without education is just an illusion. So if you want to destroy a nation, you have to weaken its education system.

As seen earlier, the victorious powers in many major wars have destroyed the libraries of the defeated nation so that the future generations cannot know about the education, culture, history, traditions of that nation. And in the continuation of all our glorious struggles, the renowned educator and scientist Dr. .The education commission formed under the leadership of Qudrat-e-Khuda formulated a modern mass-oriented education policy suitable for an independent country, but it was not implemented due to the change in the situation after the brutal murder of Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and his family members on August 15. After that about half a dozen education policies were formulated but unfortunately it was not possible to implement an up-to-date education policy in an independent country.

After the formation of the government in 2009 under the leadership of Sheikh Hasina with the huge support of the people, a national education policy acceptable to the nation was formulated by taking the opinions of the people of all the political doctrines and various thoughts of the society and reflecting all the thoughts. It was unanimously approved by the National Parliament. Congratulating and thanking the government for this, the proposal was accepted in the parliament. This is the first time in our country a national basic policy with national consensus including government and opposition parties, which is most important for building the future of the nation.

This educational policy reflects the 60 years of continuous struggle of the students and the nation. The goal of independent Bangladesh achieved under the leadership of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, the most glorious chapter in the thousand-year history of the Bengali nation, prepares the present new and future generations to establish a poverty-free, developed, prosperous and dignified independent 'Golden Bangla'The goals and specifics to be developed have already been determined.And we should remember - that day the blood of Babul, Golam Mustafad did not dry on the streets, it circulated in the arteries of the nation, in the veins of the brain. And that stream of blood went and joined another blood stream. Finally went and met in the estuary of freedom.

Therefore, to advance the country, first of all it is necessary to formulate an education policy based on universal opinion, where education will be free for all. "Education is not a commodity, education is the right of all" this should be reflected at all levels on the Great Education Day.

It has become the demand of time to include the history of significant Great Education Day in secondary level textbooks. Initiatives should be taken to celebrate this day nationally. Invigorated by the spirit of Education Day, the educational disparity between villages and cities should be eliminated.

> National Education Policy 2010

1. To reflect constitutional guarantees at all levels of education and to make students aware of safeguarding the independence, sovereignty and integrity of Bangladesh.
2. To stimulate the intellectual and practical qualities of the students so that moral, humane, cultural, scientific and social values are established at individual and national level.
3. To inspire students in the spirit of our Liberation War and to develop patriotism, nationalism and good civic virtues (i.e. justice, non-communalism, dutifulness, awareness of human rights, free thinking and discipline, honest living, tolerance, and perseverance etc.).
4. To promote national history, tradition and culture across generations.
5. To develop creative thinking in students through educational system in country atmosphere and material involvement to lead to life oriented development of knowledge of students.
6. To develop an educational process based on creativity, practicality and productivity in the student to achieve progress in the economic and social spheres of the country. To develop students as a scientifically minded personality and to develop leadership qualities in them
7. Eliminate socio-economic disparity irrespective of caste-religion, caste and eliminate gender disparity. Promote non-sectarianism, universal brotherhood, solidarity and respect for human rights.
8. To create continuous and equal opportunities for education for all according to the merit and ability of the students irrespective of geographical, social and economic conditions for establishing a society free from discrimination. Not using education as a commodity for profit.
9.To develop democratic culture by showing tolerance towards different ideologies and helping to develop life-oriented, realistic and positive outlook.
10. Ensuring the marginal competence of students at every level so that they are discouraged from rote learning, but rather use their own urges for thinking, imagination and curiosity.
11. Ensuring high quality skills in various fields of education and at all levels of education so that students can successfully compete in the global context.
12. Building a digital Bangladesh by giving due importance to Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and emphasizing mathematics, English, and science education.
13. Giving priority to primary and secondary education to expand education. Makes students respect and interested in the dignity of labor. To enable students irrespective of their level of education to acquire skills in vocational education to facilitate self-employment.
14. Mandatory implementation of uniform curriculum and syllabus of certain basic subjects in primary level schools with a view to developing some common and basic concepts among the students. Similarly teaching some basic subjects at secondary level also.
15. To ensure creative, conducive and joyful environment for proper protection and development of students at primary and secondary level.
16. To help students grow up with proper moral character through their respective religious education and moral science lessons.
17. Ensuring appropriate quality of education at each level and coordinating with subsequent levels by strengthening the foundation of knowledge and skills acquired at previous levels. To encourage the expansion of such knowledge and skills and to enable students to acquire knowledge and skills. Encouraging people to contribute appropriately to the education process especially at the primary, secondary and vocational levels.
18. Creating awareness among students about climate change and other natural and social environment and creating skilled manpower on these issues.
19. To ensure the quality of higher education in all disciplines and to motivate students in research and to create conducive environment for necessary research within the country through knowledge and science research.
20. In the field of higher education, education practices and all activities related to education should be properly conducted with the aim of ensuring proper atmosphere and environment.
21. Expanding the use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in the educational process at every level.
22. Promotion and development of indigenous and minority language and culture.
23. Who is guaranteed the right to education of physically and mentally challenged?
24. To create a society free from the curse of illiteracy.
25. Taking special measures for the development of education in the areas identified as backward in education.
26. To ensure proper teaching of Bengali language.
27. Taking necessary steps to create playgrounds, sports, sports and physical exercise facilities in all educational institutions for the healthy development of physical and mental qualities of students.
28. Taking various steps to increase health awareness among students;
29. To warn students and make them aware of the dangers of taking drugs or similar substances.

> New Education Policy 2023
1. From the academic year 2023, the new curriculum is being implemented in 1st, 2nd and 6th, 7th classes.

2. It will be implemented in 3rd, 4th and 8th, 9th class in 2024 academic year.

3. It will be implemented in 5th and 10th class in 2025 academic year.

4. It will be implemented in 2026 academic year only in Class XI.

5. It will be implemented in 2027 academic year only in Class XII.

6. Pre-primary is two years, which was one year till 2022.
7. In pre-primary there will be no government prescribed books, the school teachers will teach their own.

8. There is no examination from pre-primary to 3rd class. Due to system changes student evaluation will be based on classroom teaching.

9. There are books - 03 from first to third class. There will be 08 common subjects from fourth to fifth class. Total 10 common subjects from sixth to tenth class.

10. Apart from traditional tests, assessment will be done through summative methods during learning.

11. PEC/Ibtedayi and JSC/JDC public exams are coming up. So the students don't have to face this trouble anymore.

12. Forms of assessment during learning are assignments, presentations, communication and hand writing.

13. Class IV to VIII will have 60 percent learning time assessment and 40 percent summative evaluation.

14. From class IX to X the learning time assessment will be 50 percent and summative assessment will be 50 percent.

15. Class 11th to 12th class assessment will be 30 percent and summative assessment will be 70 percent.

16. The SSC exam will not be conducted with the books of 9th-10th class as before, only the 1st public exam of the students will be held according to the books and syllabus of the 10th class.

17. There are no more 3 separate divisions at secondary level. At this stage students will study the same subject.

18. With the implementation of the 2023 curriculum, students will be able to choose departments (science, humanities, business education) in class XI.

19. 2 separate examinations will be held in class XI and XII; The results of the HSC exam will be given by combining the results of these two classes.

20. The creative and grade method is emerging.

21. Students will be evaluated at 03 levels-

First level: Elementary level.

Second level: Middle level. Third level: Expert level.

22. According to the new curriculum, there will be two days of weekly holidays in educational institutions; Which has already been effective from August 2022.

> Total number of educational institutions in Bangladesh.
Primary Schools (Government + Private) - 82,981.
Secondary schools - 53,589.
Lower Secondary Schools – 3,494.
Madrasa- 9,051. Qaumi Madrasa-19199.
Colleges - 2,300.
Medical College (Government)-22. > Armsforce Medical College-1.
Dental College (Government)-03.
Dental Unit- 9.
Government Universities (International + Open) - 34.
Private universities - 71.
> Private Medical College-53. Homeo Medical College-63.
> The total population of the country is 16 crore 98 lakh 28 thousand 911 people. Among them, 8 crore 40 lakh 77 thousand 203 men and 8 crore 56 lakh 53 thousand 120 women. The rest are the third gender population. 68.34 percent of the total population live in villages and 31.66 percent live in cities. The report says that the total literacy rate for men and women in the country is 76.08 percent. Last year i.e. in September 2022, this rate was 74.66 percent. Accordingly, the literacy rate in the country has increased by 1.42 percent in one year, of which 71.56 percent in rural areas and 81.28 percent in urban areasOn the other hand, in terms of gender, male literacy rate is 76.56 percent, female education rate is 72.82 percent and third gender literacy rate is 53.65 percent. In 2011, the literacy rate for men and women was 51.77 percentFinally, I would like to say that Sheikh Hasina's government was in the struggle to establish a modern and mass-oriented education system; Still is and will be in the future. We will not let the dreams of our sworn martyrs go in vain in September, the month of Great Education Day. We will not let education become a commodity. Education will be free for all. It will be open to all ages, all castes, all. Education will not be restricted to the elite class. The light of education will be delivered to everyone's homes. I pay my respects to the martyrs of the education movement. Let education day be immortal. We have a long way to go to achieve our goalsVarious student organizations and cultural groups have undertaken various programs on the occasion of the day.

The writer is a, columnist and researcher Founder Chairman, Jatiya Rogi Kallyan Society

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